Opera's Most Ghastly Ghouls, Ghosts, And Goblins
The opera house can be a scary place - and we're not talking about all those crazy singers and their shenanigans backstage! Many operas contain ghastly ghouls, ghosts, goblins, witches, dragons, and all kinds of crazy creatures. Here are some of the most frightening pieces from the history of opera.
Chorus of Infernal Spirits from Monteverdi's "Orfeo"
Much of the action of "Orfeo," one of the first operas ever composed, takes place in Hades. Orfeo encounters some ghostly sights in the underworld, including this chorus of infernal spirits.
Offenbach's "Orpheus in the Underworld"
The story of Orpheus and Eurydice has been one of the most popular with composers over the centuries. So many composers have been inspired to set this story to music. Offenbach, however, decided to parody Gluck's "Orfeo" when composing his own "Orpheus in the Underworld." In fact, the music we all know as the "can-can" comes from this opera. Sounds like they're having a hell of a good time in hell!
“Dell'antro magico” from Cavalli's "Giasone"
What would opera be with out without witches? One of opera's most famous is Medea. Cavalli's conjuring scene in "Giasone," when Medea summons infernal spirits, set the prototype for many magic and conjuring scenes for centuries to come.
La Pythonisse's Prologue in Charpentier's "David et Jonathas"
One composer to follow in Cavalli's footsteps was Charpentier. The music for La Pythonisse in "David et Jonathas" is somewhat similar to conjuring scenes in early Italian operas. La Pythonisse is an oracle who Saul, from the Old Testament, consults. (In this production, the stage director has moved the Prologue, in which La Pythonisse appears, to the middle of the drama.) She is played by a haute-contre, an early example of witches and other grotesque women played by men.
"Re dell'abisso affrettati" from Verdi's "Un Ballo in Maschera"
We can hear that Verdi follows in the tradition set by Cavalli when Ulrica comes on stage in "Un ballo in maschera." She is a fortuneteller accused of witchcraft. Can you hear some of the similarities between her aria and Medea's “Dell'antro magico” in "Giasone"?
The Witches' Chorus from Purcell's "Dido and Aeneas"
Purcell, like Charpentier, also cast his witch, the Sorceress, as a man. In "Dido and Aneas," there's some great music for the Sorceress and her (his) chorus of witches. Because what's better than one witch? A whole coven of witches!
Witches' Chorus from Verdi's "Macbeth"
Again. There's nothing new under the sun. Verdi's music for the witches in "Macbeth" is similar, in some ways, to Purcell's Witches' Chorus. Was Verdi looking at a score for "Dido and Aeneas" when he composed "Macbeth"? Probably not. But it's easy to understand why Verdi composed this music like he did, given the centuries-long tradition of witches' choruses in opera.
In this one-act monodrama for soprano, Schönberg depicts a distressed woman looking for her lover in the dark of night. Sadly for her, when she finds him, he's already dead. Okay, so there's no ghost. But the music is pretty creepy!
The Commendatore's entrance in Mozart's "Don Giovanni"
The Commendatore in "Don Giovanni" is perhaps opera's most famous ghosts (thanks to the movie "Amadeus"). A statue of the Commendatore comes to life to claim the life of Don Giovanni, whom he drags in the fire down to the depths of hell.
Wagner's "The Flying Dutchman"
After the Commendatore, one of the most famous ghosts of opera is title character is Wagner's "The Flying Dutchman." Some terrifying music plays before any character sings a note, however. The overture depicts and exciting storm and introduces leitmotivs used later in the work.
"Welch Licht leuchtet dort ..." from Wagner's "Götterdämmerung"
There's a lot in Wagner's "Ring Cycle" that would be a good for spooky, Halloween music. But, the Norns in "Götterdämmerung" are certainly some of the spookiest. At the beginning of the opera, the Norns weave the rope of destiny. Spoiler alert - the destiny of these characters doesn't look good. The rope breaks. Womp. womp.
Danse du Phryne from Gounod's "Faust"
There are few works of literature that have inspired as much music as Goethe's "Faust." In Gounod's opera, Méphistophélès and Faust encounter an orgiastic celebration in the Harz mountains on Walpurgis Night. You can practically see the witches dancing on the mountain when you listen to this music!
"Son lo spirito" from Boito's "Mefistofele"
Written after Gounod's "Faust," Boito's "Mefistofele" has some equally sinister music. The opera was not a success when it premiered. It only lasted two performances before it was pulled. Luckily today, we don't need to care about what the critics said long ago to enjoy this infernally good music.
"The Witches Dance" from Glass's "The Witches of Venice"
For quite a different take on the trope of the witches' dance, try taking a listen to Philip Glass's opera "The Witches of Venice."
“Furie terribili” from Handel's "Rinaldo"
Armida is one of the most enchanting figures of literature, drama, music, and art. In Handel's opera "Rinaldo," Armida makes a grand entrance with this short but sweet aria.
"Zdes', gospodin rycar" from Prokofiev's "The Fiery Angel"
Long before "The Exorcist," there was Prokofiev's "The Fiery Angel." You never knew there was an opera about demonic possession? It's okay to drop everything you're doing now to check it out.
Anton Rubinstein's "The Demon"
Angels, demons, good vs. evil. This opera has it all. It was performed 100 times in the first 10 years after it premiered. While still performed in Russia, it hasn't been incorporated into the standard rep. But it should be. Cuz demons.
Wolf's Glen scene from Weber's "Der Freischütz"
Weber pretty much outdid himself when writing this scene in "Der Freischütz." One writer described the music as "the most expressive rendering of the gruesome that is to be found in a musical score."
"Malo" from Britten's "The Turn of the Screw"
There's a lot of creepy stuff happening in Britten's "Turn of the Screw." Britten couldn't be content with just having ghosts in this story. One of the ghosts had to be a pedophile who comes back from the afterlife to haunt the object of his affection. There's a LOT of scary music in this opera, but some of the scariest isn't for the undead, but for Miles, the young boy who the ghost has come to haunt.
“Afraid, am I afraid?” from Menotti's "The Medium"
Marie Powers slays as Madame Flora in Menotti's "The Medium." Want your palm read? Cool. I just wouldn't necessarily trust Madame Flora to do it.
"They Are Always With Me" from Corigliano's "The Ghost of Versailles"
This opera based upon Beaumarchais's "La Mère coupable" has quite a ghastly character - the ghost of Marie Antoinette!
Hosokawa's "Matsukaze" has some ghosts of a different kind - two undead sisters. The opera adapts a famous Noh drama. Noh typically uses ghost stories as the subject for dramas, and Hosokawa's "Matsukaze" is certainly creepy and ghostly! His score blends elements of traditional Japanese music with Western music, but scored to accommodate most Western orchestras.
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